How to Do Hiking – A Beginners Guide

Hiking is a great way to get out into nature, enjoy fresh air, and connect with other people. If you haven’t tried it before, now might be the time. Let’s know about how to do hiking properly.

There are plenty of reasons why you should go hiking. First, it’s free. Second, it’s good exercise. Third, it’s fun. And fourth, it’s a great way to meet new people.

So, whether you want to explore some trails near where you live or travel somewhere exotic. There are lots of ways to plan your next hike. Here are five things to consider before heading out.

How to do hiking

Hiking is a great way to get in shape and enjoy nature. But it can be hard work if you don’t know how to prepare for the trip. Here are some tips for getting started on your next adventure:

  • Plan your trip: Before you leave, figure out where you’ll go and how long it will take. Make sure that there are enough hours in each day. So that you don’t run out of daylight when hiking at night during breaks at camp sites. If going from Los Angeles County up into Orange County means two days on foot plus several hours each night before sleeping, plan accordingly!
  • Pay attention: Weather conditions can change quickly. Especially during peak travel periods—so always check current conditions ahead of time by checking weather reports online or calling local agencies like CalFire; they’ll give recommendations based on past experiences with similar situations happening nearby.

Make sure you have the right gear

Before you head out on your hike, make sure that you have the right gear. You’ll want to bring along enough clothing and food for a day or two. In case of an emergency, as well as any personal items like medication or money.

You should also make sure that your shoes fit properly and are comfortable. If they don’t fit properly, then they could cause blisters, which could be very painful while hiking!

Take enough water

Take enough water

It’s always a good idea to take plenty of water with you on your hike. You should bring more than enough for the whole day and possibly keep some in reserve for emergencies.

If carrying a backpack, make sure it’s comfortable and well balanced. If not, consider switching backpacks or buying one that can be carried comfortably. Avoid wearing heavy clothes or shoes while hiking in hot weather—you’ll tire out fast!

When choosing how much water to bring with you on any given trip, remember that every ounce counts! The best way to determine how much fluid is needed per person per day is by doing some calculations based on heat exposure levels (HEL). Which are based upon air temperature during an activity in which being wet may decrease body cooling ability. For example, if there are four people in an area where temperatures reach 95 degrees Fahrenheit. Then each person would need about 2 liters (2 quarts) of liquid per hour just so they don’t get overheated. Because they’re sweating too much from exertion due to their warm surroundings beating down against them from above.”

Take food that is compact and easy to eat on the go

Hiking is a wonderful way to get outside and enjoy nature. But it can also be difficult if you’re not prepared. Planning ahead is key to making sure that your trip goes smoothly, both on the trail and at home.

  • Food that can be eaten on the go: When planning your meals for hiking, think about what kind of food will work best for your needs. For example, if you’re going camping with friends or family members who all have different preferences. Then perhaps packing some extra ingredients would be worth having on hand. So, everyone can prepare their own meal easily when they arrive at the camp site. Another idea might be bringing along snacks such as nuts or trail mix. So people don’t get bored while waiting around for dinner time.

Choose your hike based on your skill level

Consider the following keys for your hike:

  • Choose a hike that is within your skill level.
  • Choose a hike that is appropriate for the weather conditions.
  • Choose a hike that is appropriate for the time of day you will be hiking, especially if it’s going to be dark or cold during your trip.
  • Choose a hike that has enough elevation gain or loss so that you can’t get too comfortable with the trail after walking for some time.

Bring a backup for bad weather

  • Bring extra food. If you’re going in the winter, bring a few extra snacks and meals for your trip. In summer, pack some sunblock and water to stay hydrated.
  • Bring extra water. You’ll need to drink more than you think! Hiking through hot weather can make you dehydrated quickly if you don’t pay attention or stop to take breaks often enough to replenish what’s gone into your body and skin cells. If possible, keep an eye on how much fluid each person is consuming. It’s good practice for later in life when we might have less control over our bodies’ needs than we do now—especially when stressed out by long days spent hiking through rough terrain.

Have a first aid kit with you

Consider the following:

  • Make sure your first aid kit is stocked.
  • Bring a first aid book with you.
  • Know how to use the items in your kit.

Don’t forget tweezers! A good pair of tweezers will be useful when dealing with cuts and scrapes, especially if they’re deep or long-lasting. You could also bring a pair of surgical scissors to remove something from an area that requires more precision.

Pack insect repellant, sunscreen, and gloves in your backpack

  • Pack insect repellant, sunscreen, and gloves in your backpack.
  • Practice hiking before a long trip.
  • Pack the right gear for the weather conditions you’ll encounter during your hike.
  • Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water throughout the day (and night) to avoid dehydration or heat exhaustion.
  • Be alert for wild animals while hiking through the woods.

Plan your trip

Planning is the key to a successful hike. It can help you avoid problems, prepare for your trip, and stay safe while hiking.

Planning can be a little overwhelming at first, but it doesn’t have to be! If you think about it like building a house, you start with an idea of what kind of home you want and then start working toward that goal. The same goes for planning your hike. You’ll need some ideas about how long each day will take so that everyone knows when they should leave.

Pay attention to the weather

  • Check the weather forecast before you leave. If there is a chance of bad weather, bring extra clothes and rain gear with you.
  • Bring a hat, sunscreen, sunglasses, and any other items that are necessary for your trip.
  • If it’s raining or otherwise wet out when you set off on your hike, make sure to bring some protection from the elements. You may not be able to predict exactly how hard it will rain when starting out!

Practice hiking before a long trip

Before you go on a long hike, practice hiking. The more you practice, the more comfortable it will be when you’re actually out there in nature.

  • Practice hiking with friends or family members who are also new to hiking (you can learn from them!). This helps build confidence and makes things less intimidating at first!
  • If possible, ask someone who has been doing this for years for advice. Where to go next and what kind of gear works best for your style of travel. It may also help if they have some experience with injuries that come up along the way. A friend may know which ones tend to occur most often among other people who enjoy similar activities as yours do.

Stay hydrated

To stay hydrated, drink plenty of water before, during, and after your hike. Drink more than you think you need to. It’s important to drink at least one bottle of water per hour. That’s about 12 ounces (1 cup) every 20 minutes to keep yourself from getting dehydrated. If possible, avoid drinking too much liquid if it makes your urine a light-yellow color. This can indicate the presence of toxins in the body that are released when there is not enough sodium chloride in the blood stream to balance against them.

Be alert for wild animals

Be alert for wild animals
  • Be alert for wild animals.
  • Know what to do if you see a bear: If you encounter a bear, the first thing to do is make noise and wave your arms to scare off the animal. Once it realizes that there are humans around, stand still with your hands up. If possible, move in an area where there is plenty of room between yourself and the bear so that it doesn’t feel threatened by your presence. This will also keep any big trees from being knocked over as well as keep children away from any potential dangers. When being pursued by one, make sure not to get too close!
  • Know what to do if you see a snake: Snakes tend not to eat humans because they don’t have very high levels of venom, but if one bites you then seek medical attention immediately!

Keep an eye out for poisonous plants

Keep an eye out for poisonous plants

No matter how much you know about plants, it’s always good to be aware of the poisonous ones. There are many different types of plants that can be dangerous if eaten or touched by humans. Some common examples include:

  • Poison oak: This plant contains an oil called urushiol that causes skin irritation and blisters when exposed to sunlight and water. If you’re allergic to this type of plant, avoid being near it at all costs!
  • Barberry bush or plant: The seeds from this type of berry contain cyanide compounds, which could cause severe illness if eaten in large quantities over time. However, they’re also used in medicine today, as well as making dyeing agents!

In addition to knowing what kinds of berries are edible versus poisonous ones, here are some tips for staying safe while hiking.

Don’t hike alone if possible

Don't hike alone if possible

If you are a beginner and don’t know the area very well. It’s best to leave this activity up to experienced hikers who may be able to help with any potential problems that arise on their journey with you.

Hiking can be fun, but sometimes it is not safe to do it without precautions

Hiking can be fun, but it is important to remember that hiking is not a sport for everyone. It is important to have the right gear as well as enough water and food on hand so you can stay safe during your hike.

If you are new to hiking or just want some tips on how to make sure you’re doing it safely:

  • Know what kind of gear will help protect against nature’s elements. This includes sunblock or sunglasses; bug spray; an emergency blanket in case of cold or wet weather; and extra clothing such as long pants and socks.
  • Carry enough water with you throughout the day so that, if necessary, someone else can give them a drink without needing to help themselves first!You should also consider bringing along some extra snacks like pretzels or granola bars so they don’t get hungry while waiting around somewhere.

Choose your trail

Choosing a trail is the most important part of hiking. You want to choose a trail that is not too difficult for your skill level, but also not too long or short. Hiking trails are usually marked with signs and arrows. So it’s easy to know how far each section is from where you started out on the trail. If there aren’t any markers, just follow the direction where people were walking before. This will help keep you from getting lost!

Pack your gear

Pack your gear

Pack your gear. Before you set out, make sure you have the right hiking gear and supplies on hand to ensure that you can get through the day safely. You’ll need water, food, and some basic survival tools such as a flashlight or compass. If possible, pick up one of these items at a local hardware store so it’s already in your pack when it’s time to hit the trail. A good rule of thumb is: Take enough water for two days’ worth of hiking!

Make sure your food is compact enough to fit into small pockets or bags so it doesn’t weigh down your backpack too much—this will help reduce sweat buildup on hot days. Also make sure it’s easy enough for yourself or others around the campfire!

Get yourself ready

Before you go hiking, it’s important to understand the rules of the trail and be mindful of your surroundings. Here are some suggestions:

  • Plan your trip ahead of time. If you’re going on an overnight hike, this means packing food and water in advance as well as arranging transportation back home after the trek is over. If you’re just going for a daytrip with friends or family members. Then this isn’t necessary—you can always come back at night!
  • Pay attention to the weather so that you don’t face bad weather during trekking. The best way forward here is by using maps, but also by having an understanding about how windy, rainy, and snowy areas are going to impact our plans based on this information alone. If not done correctly, then there may be potential issues later downstream.

Bring enough food

  • Bring enough food for the hike.
  • Don’t forget to eat!
  • Don’t eat too much or too little. It’s important to keep your energy levels up on a hike and enjoy yourself.
  • If you plan on hiking in colder weather than what is comfortable for you. Remember to bring warm clothes because they’ll help keep you warm while walking through snow fields during winter months. Even though they may not feel like it today, tomorrow could be even colder than today has been! This can also happen in the spring. When temperatures rise quickly due to warming winds blowing off ocean currents off shorelines near where land meets water. So, dress warmly!

Set yourself up for success

To be successful, you’re going to need a few things.

  • The right gear: hiking boots and pants are important; they should fit well and provide ankle support. A good backpack is essential for carrying all of the other gear that you’ll need. Make sure it’s sturdy enough to hold up under heavy loads. Especially when it comes time to carry your water bottles on hikes that go uphill or cross streams. You may also want an extra jacket if there are any clouds in the sky while you’re out there.
  • Enough water: Hiking is usually considered aerobic exercise. It requires cardiovascular endurance as well as muscle strength. However, if done correctly (i.e., slowly), hiking won’t require much caloric expenditure at all!

Get a new hiking backpack

Get a new hiking backpack

You’ll want to get a new hiking backpack. It is not just the most important piece of equipment in your bag. But also, one of the most important pieces of equipment you’ll buy. Your pack should fit well and feel comfortable on your back. A well-fitting pack will distribute weight evenly across your shoulders. So, it doesn’t pull or cause pain when carried for long periods of time.

You may have heard that there are different types of backpacks: hiking, day hiking, overnighting, and travel packs (e-packs). Each type has its own pros and cons depending on what kind of terrain you’re traveling over—hiking trails versus rocky hillsides. Wet weather versus dry weather—so make sure whatever pack you choose fits those expectations as well!

Make sure you have the right footwear for hiking

Make sure you have the right footwear for hiking

Hiking boots are the best footwear for hiking. They’re more supportive than running shoes, and they can withstand rough terrain better. Hiking boots have a stiff sole that allows you to walk comfortably on uneven ground. It also helps prevent your feet from slipping out from under you.

The downside of hiking boots is that they aren’t very breathable. You can get sweaty wearing them even when it’s not hot outside. If you were going on an extended hike in wet weather conditions.

If you plan on spending long periods of time outside during cold weather months. Then consider buying two pairs, one pair for winter use and another pair for spring/summer use. Otherwise, just stick with one type throughout all seasons so as not to wear out too quickly!

Take a bottle of water while going for a walk

The most important thing to remember when hiking is that you need to take water with you. Water is the most important part of any hike. So make sure to take along a bottle of water and drink it before starting out on your journey. If possible, try not to get too far away from any streams or rivers. Because they will provide great refreshment during hot days.

If it’s going to be an unusually hot day or if there are no streams nearby. Bring extra snacks in case hunger strikes unexpectedly; just make sure they’re healthy ones!

Don’t forget the sunblock

Sunscreen is essential for a healthy outdoor experience. Not only does it protect you from harmful UV rays, but it also helps prevent skin cancer and other skin issues.

The good news is that there are many options on the market today in terms of type and quantity. You can find everything from SPF 50 lotions to spray bottles with everything from aloe vera to vitamin E! Just remember: Make sure your sunscreen has an SPF rating of at least 50 before heading out into the wilderness. And don’t forget about reapplying as often as necessary throughout your hike. Even if you’re just going for a short walk or run around town. Be sure to apply generously beforehand so that you don’t end up turning into a lobster when all’s said and done!

Pack high-energy snacks like nuts

Pack high-energy snacks like nuts
Tatra National Park , Tatra Mountains

Nuts are a great source of protein, healthy fats, and fiber. They’re also low in calories—a handful of almonds (about 200) has only 110 calories. Nuts are full of heart-healthy antioxidants that can help protect your body from free radicals.

Nuts are rich in B vitamins. They have been shown to lower blood pressure in people with high cholesterol levels or diabetes.

[1] The magnesium in nuts helps control blood sugar levels; this mineral also helps regulate nerve transmission throughout the body.

[2] The zinc found in these foods may reduce risk factors for cardiovascular disease such as hypertension or stroke.

[3] The copper found in some types of nuts may help prevent Alzheimer’s disease.

[4] while vitamin E reduces oxidative stress caused by oxygen deprivation during exercise. [5],[6].

Tell someone where you’re going

If you are hiking alone, tell someone at home that this is one of your plans and what time you expect to return. If something happens while on the trail and it’s important for them to know about it, let them know as soon as possible so they can help in any way possible. Consider inviting a friend or family member to join you on a hike through an area that may be unfamiliar or difficult, depending on their level of experience.

Use trekking poles

Use trekking poles
Photo taken in Nakhon Nayok, Thailand
  • Use trekking poles for balance and stability.
  • Use trekking poles to add extra propulsion.
  • Use trekking poles to make hiking safer, especially when walking on uneven, rocky terrain or through streams or other wet areas with slippery rocks on the ground.
  • Trekking poles can help with your comfort level by giving you a more upright position while hiking. That is important when you’re trying to cover long distances quickly. They also allow you to lean on them without having any impact on your balance. Something that’s particularly helpful if you’re carrying heavy packs!


I hope you enjoyed reading about my personal experience while hiking. If you want to try out some of the tips mentioned above. You should definitely go ahead and give them a shot!

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